Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a bacterial infection of the gums and surrounding tissue in the mouth. The bacteria will often accumulate at dangerous levels when an individual neglects their oral hygiene and allows plaque and tartar to build up on the teeth. However, many people suffer from gum disease without even knowing it.
Gum disease can be a milder form known as gingivitis, which only affects the gums. However, it could progress to a more destructive stage of gum disease known as periodontitis if left untreated. This is when the bacteria enter the pockets between the teeth and gums and begin to deteriorate the tissue, teeth and jaw bone. Gum disease can be dangerous and cause serious health issues if not addressed.